Compliance - the term used by AUPO FCC when an ophthalmology fellowship program meets the requirements established for that subspecialty by the relevant subspecialty society and approved by the AUPO FCC. Note that the AUPO FCC does NOT accredit or certify; see the definition of these terms used by other groups below.
Non Compliance - the term used by the AUPO FCC when an ophthalmology fellowship program fails to meet the requirements established for that subspecialty by the relevant subspecialty society and approved by the AUPO FCC or has not applied for compliance/compliance not requested)
Compliance not requested / No application / Not in system / - the term used by the AUPOFCC when an ophthalmology fellowship program has not participated in the compliance process and has not submitted an application.
Fellow Exit Survey - the required online survey that each fellow in an AUPO FCC compliant fellowship must complete during the last month of their fellowship. This survey assesses the clinical and surgical experience of the fellowship program to confirm that the program met the requirements established by the relevant subspecialty society. An AUPO FCC-compliant fellowship program may lose its compliance status if the fellows fail to complete the exit survey in a timely fashion.
Triennial/Quadrennial Review - the required comprehensive review that occurs every 3 years (for 1-year fellowships) or every 4 years (for 2-year fellowships) of AUPO FCC compliance. The process requires that compliant fellowship programs complete a comprehensive online survey that takes into account the program’s progress over the three or four year period. Fellow Exit Surveys, surgical logs and other pertinent information is assessed by the AUPO FCC Review Committee to ensure that fellowship programs continue to remain "In Compliance" with the program requirements for the relevant subspecialty.
AUPO FCC Board of Managers - is responsible for managing the business and affairs of the AUPO FCC. The Board of Managers consists of nineteen voting members; seven pairs from the participating subspecialty societies representing Cornea, Glaucoma, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Pathology, Pediatric Ophthalmology, and Uveitis, three representatives total for Surgical Retina, which represents three different societies, and four representatives from the AUPO. Additionally, there are four non-voting advisors (including, one from the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) Council and one non-voting manager.
AUPO FCC Review Committee - is a subcommittee of the AUPO FCC Board of Managers that evaluates new and renewal applications. The AUPO FCC Review Committee consists of one representative from each subspecialty that participates with the AUPO FCC. In addition, the Chair and Vice Chair of the AUPO FCC are voting members of the AUPO FCC Review Committee.
Terminology Used By Other Groups
Accreditation - as stated on the ACGME website, "A voluntary process of evaluation and review based on published standards and following a prescribed process, performed by a non-governmental agency of peers." This process is performed only by the ACGME through its Residency Review Committees (RRCs) and, with rare exception, applies only to programs that train residents in Graduate Medical Education and not post-residency fellows in ophthalmic subspecialties. Satisfactory completion of an ACGME accredited program is one of several requirements for Board Certification in Ophthalmology as determined by the American Board of Ophthalmology.
Certification - is awarded (in this case, by the American Board of Ophthalmology) to a candidate that meets its requirements, not to a program, and in any case, has no relation to the actions of the AUPO FCC.
Approval - a general term that denotes subjective endorsement. Prior to its participation with the AUPO FCC, this is the term that the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus (AAPOS) utilized for fellowship programs that met the requirements now used by the AUPO FCC for Pediatric Ophthalmology fellowship programs. It is no longer used to apply to any programs meeting AUPO FCC requirements.
Probation - a term used by the RRC/ACGME to apply to a residency program that is not in substantial compliance with the program requirements. The AUPO FCC does not have such a category for fellowship programs.